Omolon hub

The ultimate processing hub: low capital intensity with multiple sources of high-grade feedstock

Quick facts

Location Magadan Region, Russia
Ownership 100%
Operating mines Birkachan, Tsokol, Burgali
Key exploration projects Burgali, Nevenrekan
Mining open-pit/underground
Processing 850 Ktpa CIP/Merrill-Crowe (Kubaka), 1 Mtpa heap leach (Birkachan)
Reserves (JORC) 0.8 Moz GE, 5.0 g/t average grade
Resources (JORC) 0.4 Moz GE, 5.2 g/t average grade
Production start date 2010
Life of mine 2027
Employees 1,075
Key 2021 numbers
* Kubaka Mill


The Omolon hub, formed in 2009, is one of the most fully realized hub concepts in our portfolio today. The hub comprises of the Kubaka processing plant, three operating mines - Tsokol, Birkachan, Burgali as well as several near-mine development projects with high-grade open-pittable reserves and significant long-term potential. All parts of the hub are centred around the 850 Ktpa Kubaka CIP plant, which serves as the processing facility for operating mines in the area and future near-mine feedstock. In addition, the Company operates a 1 Mtpa seasonal heap leaching circuit at the Birkachan mine.

Location History Geology Operations Reserves and Resources Exploration

All parts of the Omolon hub are located northeast of the Magadan region in remote and unpopulated areas covered with taiga forest, with only seasonal access. Land transportation between various parts of the Omolon hub is only possible during the winter via unpaved winter roads, some of which have been constructed by Polymetal. Fuel, consumables and spare parts are delivered to Kubaka and Birkachan via a winter road (usually accessible from January to April), mostly through the port of Evensk during the summer (June to October), which is located in the Sea of Okhotsk.


The history of the Omolon hub starts with the Kubaka deposit, which was first discovered in 1979. The Kubaka processing plant was built in the early 1990’s, and between 1996 and 2006, Kubaka was the largest gold producer in Russia, until the plant was put on care and maintenance due to the depletion of reserves at the deposit.

In 2008, Polymetal acquired the Kubaka plant together with four mining properties: Birkachan, Oroch, Tsokol and Prognozny. Shortly after, exploration activities commenced at Birkachan and Oroch with an objective to determine whether the recommencement of the Kubaka plant would be economically justified. In 2010, the modified plant was restarted and by 2011, a new processing section was launched that enables the plant to process ores with high silver content. The plant now includes a new leaching circuit, counter-current decantation and a Merrill Crowe circuit.

As a result of a rigorous approach to M&A activity, coupled with comprehensive near-mine exploration, Polymetal was able to consolidate several additional neighbouring licensed areas with robust transportation infrastructure. As a result, we were able to create a reliable and stable operation with low costs, all centred around one regional processing plant with multiple sources of feedstock.

Tsokol is a highly weathered near-surface vein deposit with almost vertical adularia-quartz veins form a continuous mineralised zone. It was first discovered in 1984. Ore shoots within the vein structure are on average 4 m wide, up to 110 m high and vary in length from 50 to 90 m. The ore is free-milling and is expected to yield gold recoveries of up to 95 per cent.

The mining and exploration licence covers an area of 2.5 square kilometers in the Srednekansk district of the Magadan Region and is located approximately 230 kilometres from the Kubaka processing plant. Olcha mineralisation is of the conventional low-sulfide epithermal type, free milling and with very high-grade bonanza-type shoots.

The Birkachan mineralisation is located in a 150 to 200 m wide zone. The mineralisation comprises two distinct types: gold-silver veins and disseminated stockwork. The individual veins generally have an average width of up to 2-8 m, extend up to 200-250 m along strike and down-dip and carry gold grades of up to 8 to 14 g/t. The stockwork comprises mineralised zones of 60 to 80 m thick extending 2.5 km along strike and 150 to 200 m down-dip from the surface and grading 1 to 3 g/t of gold.


The Kubaka plant currently uses only conventional CIP cyanidation technology. Run-of-mine ore is crushed in a jaw crusher, followed by two-stage milling (SAG mill and ball mill), thickening, CIP leaching, desorption, electrolysis, carbon regeneration and doré smelting. This processing option will continue to be utilised in the long term for ores with low silver content, such as ores from the Birkachan and Tsokol mines.


Ore Reserves Tonnage, Mt Gold grade, g/t Silver grade, g/t Copper grade, % GE grade, g/t Gold, Koz Silver, Moz Copper, Kt GE, Koz
Birkachan 3.2 3.1 7 - 3.2 313 0.7 - 321
Tsokol Kubaka 0.4 4.2 8 - 4.3 54 0.1 - 55
Burgali 0.7 9.5 34 - 9.8 224 0.8 - 231
Nevenrenkan 0.5 7.0 439 - 10.2 116 7.3 - 170
Total 4,8 - - - 5.0 0.7 8.9 - 776
Mineral Resources Tonnage, Mt Gold grade, g/t Silver grade, g/t Copper grade, % GE grade, g/t Gold, Koz Silver, Moz Copper, Kt GE, Koz
Birkachan 1,3 3.1 7 - 3.2 133 0.3 - 136
Tsokol Kubaka 0.2 8.2 10 - 8.3 41 0.05 - 41
Burgali 0.6 7.4 18 - 7.5 134 0.3 - 137
Nevenrekan 0.1 9.5 499 - 13.2 33 1,7 - 46
Total 2.2 - - - 5.2 340 2.4 - 360
  • At Burgali, 12.3 km of exploratory drilling was completed along the existing ore bodies of the Northern zone and at the Southern and Central zones to identify and trace the prospective ore bodies. The initial Ore Reserve estimate amounted to 231 Koz of gold equivalent with an average grade of 9.8 g/t, up by 110 Koz compared to the last year’s estimate.
  • In 2022, Polymetal is planning to continue exploration activities at all ore zones of the deposit to delineate and detail ore bodies within the first stage of open-pit mining and identify new ore bodies to increase the mineral resource base.
  • Initial Ore Reserves estimate for Nevenrekan was completed amounting to 170 Koz of GE with an average grade of 10.2 g/t
  • At the Tumaninsk area (145 km north of Kubaka), 14.4 km of core drilling was completed, including 3.3 km of exploration drilling at the Shlikhovoy site.
  • In 2022, the drilling is planned at the Tumannoye ore occurrence to delineate high-grade underground ore on the southern flank and to prepare a Russian standard (GKZ) reserve estimate. At the Shlikhovoy site, it is planned to trace and delineate the identified potential ore bodies along the strike and down dip by core drilling and to clarify their parameters and morphology.

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